On most occasions, it seems that the number of theories on a particular topic is in commensurate with the people who research them. Although these researchers have come up with different theories of procrastination, only a few have managed to gain support. The first theory for procrastination includes anxiety. It is widely considered that most people procrastinate because, they are either stressful or are aversive. As a matter of consequence, people who are more pliable to gain stress need to exercise more procrastination. There are numerous conditions which can result in anxiety. These mainly include irrational beliefs. This by itself is a broad term which comprises of numerous anxiety provoking or dysfunctional worldviews. Typical instances of irrational beliefs comprise of perfectionism and fear of failures. Apart from anxiety, the other theory which has gained world-wide support includes self-handicapping.
Some disputes still follow as to whether self-handicapping needs to be considered amongst the theories of procrastination or not. When people normally face obstacles hindering their own performance, that is when self-handicapping manifests. Nevertheless, self-handicapping is not always necessarily a form of procrastination.
Theory of Temporal Motivation:
Amongst the other theories of procrastination, the theory of temporal motivation has gained maximum worldwide attention. As is obvious in the name, this theory hints the very cutting edge exploration on motivation. It indicates that the reason why people take some decisions is heavily dependent on the utility, which in turn is directly based on the factors of expectancy, value, delay and the sensitivity to delay. The term “utility” comprises of preferring a particular course of action. Naturally, it is directly proportional to the preference factor.
The expectancy mostly hints at the chances or probabilities of occurrence. On the contrary, the value is indicative as to how honoring that outcome would be. Naturally, an individual would prefer to select those pursuits which would have a better chance of delivering a pleasant outcome. Although, majority of people go on to even question these theories of procrastination, it needs to be understood that individuals are chronically annoyed in making decisions.
The term delay indicates the time period that an individual needs to wait for receiving the payout. The more time it takes for delay, the less valued would be the perceived course of action.
Unsurprisingly, “Temporal Motivation Theory or TMT” indicates that a person is more likely to pursue those tasks or goals which are more pleasurable in nature and which can be attained by most people. The more important part with regards procrastination is the delay factor. Most of them not only like their rewards to be large but also instant. Overall, these theories would help in finding a cure for procrastination in the long run.